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Research Article |

Agronomic Performance of Perennial Herbaceous Legume Forage Crops Grown as a Cover Crop Under Coffee Trees in Southwestern Ethiopia

Farmlands are being developed as a result of the high demand for food crops. The experimental trial was conducted under field conditions at Jimma Agricultural Research center, Agaro and Gera sub centers during the main cropping season of 2018 to 2021. The objective of the study was to assess the growth performance and forage yield of herbaceous forage legumes intercropped with coffee. The experiment was carried out in a randomized complete block design with three replications. Data on plant height, number of branches per plant, fresh and dry matter yields were collected and analyzed using the general linear model procedures in the R software, and the least significant difference was used to compare treatment means. The combined analysis of variance showed the presence of significant differences (P<0.05) among treatments, environments, and interaction effects. The treatment x environment (G x E) interactions also showed significant (P <0.05) difference for all measured agronomic traits except plant height. Mucuna pruriens had higher/taller plant height among the legumes, followed by Desmodium species. The lowest mean plant height was recorded from Stylosanethes species. Stylosanthes and Desmodim species gave the highest fresh biomass and dry matter yields, while Mucuna pruriens produced the lowest. At Gera, the forage legume dry matter yields were by far the highest of the three sites. However, further studies are required to examine the cost benefit on soil fertility and weed control of the legume forages used as a cover crop.

Coffee, Herbaceous Legume Crops, Intercropping

APA Style

Mossie, T., Biratu, K., Yifreda, H., Mulatu, G. (2024). Agronomic Performance of Perennial Herbaceous Legume Forage Crops Grown as a Cover Crop Under Coffee Trees in Southwestern Ethiopia. Plant, 12(1), 5-10. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.plant.20241201.12

ACS Style

Mossie, T.; Biratu, K.; Yifreda, H.; Mulatu, G. Agronomic Performance of Perennial Herbaceous Legume Forage Crops Grown as a Cover Crop Under Coffee Trees in Southwestern Ethiopia. Plant. 2024, 12(1), 5-10. doi: 10.11648/j.plant.20241201.12

AMA Style

Mossie T, Biratu K, Yifreda H, Mulatu G. Agronomic Performance of Perennial Herbaceous Legume Forage Crops Grown as a Cover Crop Under Coffee Trees in Southwestern Ethiopia. Plant. 2024;12(1):5-10. doi: 10.11648/j.plant.20241201.12

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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